Big Oil Slipped ‘Poison Pill’ as Norway Seeks to Limit Exodus

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Big Oil Slipped ‘Poison Pill’ as Norway Seeks to Limit Exodus


Category: Business News

As one oil major after the other considers leaving Norway, the alarm bells are sounding at the country’s Petroleum and Energy Ministry.

Officials warned companies this month that they could be on the hook for the billions of dollars it costs to close oil fields even if they sell their entire local subsidiary, a liability previously limited to individual assets. That would guard against sticking taxpayers with the bill if the smaller, more vulnerable producers taking their place are unable to cover the eventual expenses of removing platforms and installations.

“They’re afraid that some of the mainstays, like Shell and Exxon, will exit the Norwegian shelf,” Erik Haugane, an industry veteran now heading OKEA AS, a small oil company, said in an interview in Stavanger on Thursday. “It looks like a strange attempt to slip them a poison pill in the process.”

As Big Oil shifts strategy to cope with lower commodity prices and utilities reconsider their exposure to fossil fuels, western Europe’s biggest oil and gas producer is facing an exit of producers with proven financial muscle and the arrival of smaller, more specialized companies and private equity investors.

High Stakes

The stakes are high for Norway, where crude production has dropped by half since a 2000 peak as fields run dry after decades of output, bringing closer expenses of about 170 billion kroner ($20 billion) for decommissioning of about 500 installations.

Exxon Mobil Corp. and Total SA are considering selling assets in Norway, while Royal Dutch Shell Plc, Europe’s biggest oil company, could reportedly dispose of its entire local operation. Utilities such as RWE AG and EON SE have sold their oil and gas units, with Engie SA and Dong Energy A/S looking to follow.

Potential buyers include Aker BP ASA, the result of a merger between BP Plc’s local unit and Det Norske Oljeselskap ASA, and DEA Deutsche Edoel AG, owned by Russian billionaire Mikhail Fridman. Private-equity backed companies like Neptune Oil & Gas Ltd. and Norway’s HitecVision AS may also be interested.

“It’s quite reasonable for the government to be thinking about the scale of the companies operating in Norway and their ability to manage potential liability in the future,” David Latin, managing director of OMV AG’s Norwegian business, said last week in Stavanger.

The Petroleum Ministry declined to comment beyond a Nov. 8 letter it addressed to oil companies outlining the “change of practice,” spokesman Hakon Smith-Isaksen said in an e-mail.

Source: Bloomberg